亚博App

【全面推进新工科建设④】刘维尚 袁 丽:新工科人才培养模式探索

时间:2021-04-09浏览:10设置

liuweishang  yuan  li  yanshandaxue

[zhai  yao]benwenjiyuxingongkejianshedefangxiangyuyaoqiu,tansuojiangshejichuangxinsiweirongruxingongkejiaoyudelujing,tichujiakuaixingongkejianshexuyaoyouhuajiaoyuziyuanpeizhi,tuijinjiaoxuefangfagaige,jiaqiangyuanjikuajieronghejianshe,tuijinkuaxuekerencaipeiyang,jiangchuangxinchuangyejiaoyuguanchuanshizhong,peiyangjuyouguojihuashiyedechuangxinxingxingongkerencai。

亚博App[guanjianci]xingongke;shejixue;rencaipeiyang;chuangxinchuangyejiaoyu

亚博Appsuizhejingjifeisufazhan,woguozongheguolizhubuzengqiang,shehuiduichuangxinxingrencaidexuqiuriyizengda,duigaodengyuanxiaodeshejirencaipeiyangtichulexinyaoqiu。xingongkejiaoxuemoshidegaigexuyaozhuazhuguojiazhanlvefangxiang,tansuoxingchengjuyougaoxiaozishentesedejiaoxuemoshi,lizuguoqing,fangyanshijie,yiqiuzhenwushidetaiduduidaigongchengjiaoyudexinjiyuhexintiaozhan,weiwoguopeiyanggengduojubeichuangxinyishidexianjingongchengkejirencai。


加强新工科人才培养,服务国家战略

lizudiyilunkejigeminghechanyebiange,tuijingongchengjiaoyugaige。xinyilunkejigeminghechanyebiangeweiwoguodailailegengduodefazhanjiyuyutiaozhan,weishixianjianshezhizaoqiangguodezhanlvemubiao,woguoxujiakuaiqiyezhuanxingshengji,tigaohexinjingzhengli。2015nian5yue,guowuyuanyinfa《zhongguozhizao2025》,mingqueyaoqiu“jianchibarencaizuoweijianshezhizaoqiangguodegenben,jianlijianquankexuehelidexuanren、yongren、yurenjizhi,jiakuaipeiyangzhizaoyefazhanjixudezhuanyejishurencai、jingyingguanlirencai、jinengrencai”。“zhongguozhizao2025”dengguojiazhanlvetichulemianxiangshijieheweilaidexianjincelve,weichanyezhuanxingshengjijinxinglequanmiantongchouguihua,yeweigaoxiaogongchengjiaoyudegaigefazhanzhichuleweilaifazhandefangxiang。

亚博Appshiyingxingongkefazhanxuqiu,shixiangongchengjiaoyuzhuanxingshengji。xingongkededanshengshunyinglequanqiukejibiangedexinfazhanxuqiu,shiweileyingduichanyefazhanbiangeerzhankaidexinyilungongchengjiaoyugaige。peiyanggaosuzhirencaishigaoxiaofazhandehexin,gaoxiaoyaojishizhangwoshehuifazhanbiange,tansuoxingzhiyouxiaoqiejuyouzhongguotesedexingongkerencaipeiyangmoshi,peiyangfuhexinshidaiyaoqiudegaosuzhichuangxinxingrencai,shixianwoguogongchengjiaoyudezhuanxingshengji。

亚博Appkaizhanquanfangweishijiantansuo,shenhuatuozhanxingongkejiaoyuneihan。xingongkedeyanjiuheshijianzhuyaoconggongchengjiaoyudeliniangexin、xuekezhuanyedejiegouyouhuashengji、rencaipeiyangmoshidechuangxintansuo、jiaoyujiaoxuezhiliangdebiaozhunhepingjia、fenleifazhanzhuanyetesedengwugefangmiankaizhan。xingongkejianshexuyaotansuofuheshidaifazhanxuqiudexianjingongchengjiaoyutixi,xingchengjuyouzhongguotesedexianjinjiaoyumoshi。xingongkezhiliyupeiyangyipixinxinggongkerencai,yaoqiuyushijujin,genjushichangxuqiujinxinggongchengjiaoyumoshideshishigexin,kechengtixixuyaobuduanyouhuashengjihewanshan,tigaojiaoxueyaoqiuhezhiliang,baozhengrencaipeiyangzhiliang。xingongkedejiaoxuegaigechangdaoxuekejiandejiaocharonghe,peiyangxueshengchuangxinyishi,bingjiangchuangxinchuangyejiaoyulinianshenruguanchedaojiaoyujihuazhizhong。jiaqiangguojijiaoliuhezuoshixingongkejiaoyugaigedezhongyaojucuo,“yidaiyilu”jiaoyuxingdongdekaizhanzengjialegeguogaoxiaodejiaoliuyuxuexi,weixueshengdajianguojijiaoliupingtai,chongfenfahuileguojihezuoderencaipeiyangyoushi。

亚博Appyituoxuexiaobanxueyoushi,cujinshejixuezhuanyerencaipeiyangmoshichuangxin。yanshandaxueshiyigongkeweitesedezongheleizhongdiandaxue,2010nian6yuechengwei“zhuoyuegongchengshijiaoyupeiyangjihua”deshoupishidiangaoxiao。gongkebeijingdexuekeyoushiweiyanshandaxuexuekezhuanyetixidewanshantigonglegengweiguangkuodefazhankongjian,weiquanmiantuijinshejixuezhuanyerencaipeiyangmoshidechuangxindaxialejianshidejichu。shejixuexiangguanzhuanyeyechongfenliyongbenxiaoxuekeyoushihedifangyoushishixianxuekejiandejiaorong,jijixiangyingguojiaxingongkejianshedefazhanxuqiu,weixingongkerencaipeiyangzuochuxindetansuoyusikao。

fuwujingjishehuifazhan,zheliyishejifunengxingongke。yanshandaxueyishuyushejixueyuanjijijianshegaopinzhikeyantuandui,peihexuexiaoxingongkejianshe,tongguoshejifunengxingongke,dazaoxindezengzhangdian,qizhongbaokuo5geyixingongkeweizhudeshengjikeyantuanduihe30gejiaoshilianhegongzuoshi,keyantuanduiyugongzuoshigejutese,jiangsheji、yanjiu、jiaoxuerongweiyiti,yuduojiazhimingqiyejianlizhanlvehezuoguanxi,shixianjiyuxingongkedechanjiaoronghe,peiyangmianxiangshichangdegongchengchuangxinyingyongxingrencai。weitigaoxueshengdeshejichuangxinnengli,keyantuanduiyugongzuoshigulixueshengjijicanjiageleizhuanyejingsai,xingchengleshejizhuligongkejiaoyu“yisaicujiuye、yisaicufazhan”dexianmingjiaoxuetese。


开辟新工科建设新通道,满足我国对高素质工程人才的需求

亚博Apptupobutongxuekejianbilei,shixianxingongkeyushejixuekeronghe。xingongkejianshemingquezhichuyaochixushenhuagongchengjiaoyugaige,tansuojuyouzhongguotesedeshijieshuipinggongchengjiaoyutixi,peiyangdecaijianbeidefuhexingrencai。xingongkezhuanyeyouzhejiqiangdexuekejiaochaxing,qixueketedianjishehuiduichuangxinfuherencaideqiangliexuqiucushigaoxiaobuduantuijinkuaxuekejiaoxue。yinci,dapoxuekebianjie,peiyangduolingyu、duocengcidechuangxinxingrencai,datonggongyegongchengyugongyeshejidengxueke,jiangshejixueyukexuejishu、renwenxuekexiangronghe,cainengzhenzhengmanzuwoguoduigaosuzhigongchengrencaidexuqiu。

bawogongjicegaigefazhanjiyu,jianshekaifangdexingongkepeiyangtixi。gongjicegaigeyaoqiuyouhuachanyehexiaofeijiegou,tishengchanyeyuchanpinzhiliang,jianshaodiduanchanpin,tishengrenminshenghuopinzhi。gongjicegaigeweichuangyichanyetigonglenandedefazhanjiyu,yeweigaoxiaodechuangxinxingrencaipeiyangtichulegenggaoyaoqiu。yanshandaxueshejixuezhuanyezhuzhongxueshengdechuangxinsiweihexitongxingsiweidepeiyang,chongfenliyongbenxiaodexuekeyoushi,dapofengbidexuekejiaoxuetixi,shixianxuekejiandegaoxiaoronghe,genjuguojiazhanlvefazhanxuqiu,yishejizhulipeiyangjuyouguojihuashiyedexingongkerencai。

jiehejingjishehuifazhanxuqiu,jiangchuangxinchuangyesiweirongrujiaoxuehuanjie。xingongketichangzhongshijian、kuaxueke,yanshandaxuegongkebeijingweishejixuedekuaxuekejiaoxuedaxialelianghaodexuekejichu。xuexiaojiehedangdidejingjishehuifazhanxuqiujianshetesejiaoxuepingtai,shixianchanjiaoronghe,weidangdichanyefazhantigonggaoxiaozhilizhichi,shichuangxinchuangyeyishiheshejichuangxinsiweinenggoushenrudaojiaoxuedegegehuanjie,zaipeiyangxueshengchuangxinnenglidetongshi,zhuzhongpeiyangxueshengshijiannengliheshenrutansuoyanjiudexuexiyishi。

jiejianshejixuechuangxinsiwei,wanshanxingongkexinxingsikaomoshi。shejixueweiyishuxuexiadeyijixuekezhiyi,shiyimenxuekejiaocharonghexingjiqiangdexinxingxueke。chuangxinshishejidebenzhiyaoqiu,chuangxinsiweidepeiyangshishejixuejiaoyudezhongyaohuanjie,chuangxinshejisiweinenggoupeiyangxueshengfaxianwentidenengli,zaijiaoxueguochengzhongshanyushiyongfasanxingsiwei,xuehuifenxiwenti、jiejuewenti,congfaxiandaojiejuewentixingchengxitongdesikaofangshi,congerhuoqugengduodejiejuefanganyujiashe。xingongkejiaoyumoshidechuangxintansuoqiangdiaoxuekejiandejiaocharonghe,jiangshejichuangxinsiweirongrugongkejiaoyuguochengzhong,nenggoudapokuaxuekexueshengdezhuanyexianzhi,bingweixingongkezhuanyetigongxinxingdechuangxinsikaofangshi,cujinbutongxuekejianxueshengdejiaochahezuoxuexi,dapochuantongdanyi、dulidexuekejiaoxuemoshi,zhuzhongxueshengdezonghesuzhi,gengjiashenruditansuogexuekejiandelianxiyushijianyunyong。liru,qinghuadaxueqiangdiaoyishuyukexueronghe,jianliqinghuadaxuechuangkekongjiandengjigou,jijichangdaojishuyushejixiangjiehe,gulixueshengjijicanyudaochuangkexuexidangzhong,jilixueshengnulijiangchuangyibianweixianshi,peiyangxueshengxiangxiangli,jifaxueshengganzuoganxiangdeyongqihechuangxinyishi。qinghuachuangkeshixianlerencaipeiyangguochengzhongdekuaxuekejiaorong,zaipeiyangjibenshejinenglidetongshihaijinxinglebiancheng、dianzi、jixiedengduoweidudejinengpeixun,rangshejizhenzhengnenggou“huo”qilai,rangxueshengdezhishidedaolegengquanmiandetisheng。

亚博Appzhudongzhulichengshifazhandaji,kaipijiaochaxuekejianshelingyu。yanshandaxuesuozaichengshiqinhuangdaoweiguojiajikangyangshifanchengshi。qinhuangdaoshiyibeidaiheshengmingjiankangchanyeweijichu,jianliguojiajijiankangchanyejiqun。yanshandaxuegongyesheji、huanjingshejidengzhuanyejijikaishekangyangfuju、kangyanghuanjingshejidengxiangguankecheng,bingyiketixingshizhankaishenruyanjiu,chongfenfahuixuekeyoushi,rongheduogexueyuanhexiangguantuandui,shixianziyuandegaoxiaozhenghe,tongguoxingongkezhengheshijianjijifuwuyuqinhuangdaojiankangchanyefazhan,weixuexiaodexuekejianshekaipilexindelingyu,dazaoxindezengzhangji,cujinlexuekejianderonghefazhan。tongshi,yejijituijinxingongkewenchuangchanyedekuaisufazhan,manzushehuiduichuangxinxingxingongkerencaidepoqiexuqiu。xuexiaobawoxinxingchanyedefazhanjiyu,jijituijinwenhuachuangyichanyeyudangdidejingji、wenhua、jishuxiangronghe,peiyangjuyouxingongkesiweidewenchuangshejirencai。yindaoxueshengjijikaizhanshididiaoyanhuodong,tansuolvyouwenchuangdezhongyaoyiyihewenhuachanyefazhanxianzhuang,guanzhuxingongkerencaipeiyangdewenhuadiyunyufaxianwentidenengli,tuidongdangdiwenhualvyouchanyedefazhan,weiquyujingjifazhantigongzhilizhichi。jianlitesejiaoxueshijianpingtaishichuangxinchuangyejiaoyudezhongyaohuanjie,yanshandaxueliyongquweiyoushixianhoudazaolekangyangyanjiuyuan、zhinengzhuangbeizhizaoxietongyanjiuyuan、gongyeshejijishuxietongzhongxindengjiaoxuepingtaishijianjidi,fuwudifangjingjifazhan,weidangdidazao“sheji+gongye”dekaifangshichuangxinpingtai,fuzhuchuangxinchuangye,ningjuchanyetese。


深化创新创业教育,培养具有国际化视野的创新型新工科人才

shunyingshijiefazhandashi,dalipeiyangchuangxinxingrencai。zaiquanqiujingjiyitihuabeijingxia,weiyingduixinyilunkejigeminghechanyebiange,shijiegeguozhankailequanmiandezhanlvebushu。geguodezhanlvejuecejunqiangdiaoyizhizaoyezuoweishehuifazhanhexin,bingjianggaosuzhirencaizuoweizhuyaodezhilizhicheng。《zhongguozhizao2025》qiangdiaozhongguojingjixinchangtaixiadechuangxinqudongfazhan,xuyaobuduanwanshanzhizaoyechuangxintixi,xingchengdazhongchuangye、wanzhongchuangxindequanminchuangxinchuangyefenwei,gulikaizhanshejileijiaoyu,tansuozhengchanxueyan、chuangxinchuangyejiaoyufazhanxinmoshi,jiangchuangxinrencaipeiyangzuoweiqiangguozhanlvezhongdezhongyaoyihuan。gaozhiliangderencaipeiyangshishehuifazhandegenben,chanyegexinpoqiexuyaochuangxinxingrencai。peiyangchunenggoukuaisushiyingxinyilunkejigeminghechanyebiangedegaosuzhirencaishidifanggaoxiaodezhongyaoshiming。weici,jiaoyubutuichuleyixiliexingongkejiaoyufazhandezhanlvebushu,weigaoxiaorencaipeiyangjiaoyutixigaigezhiminglefangxiang。

jiangchuangxinchuangyejiaoyuguanchuanjiaoxuequancheng,xingchengtbdrencaipeiyangmoshi。shejixuekezaiyanshandaxuedegongkebeijingfazhanhuanjingxia,fahuixuexiaodexuekeyoushi,jiehedangdijingjifazhanxuqiu,yituodifangfazhanyoushi、chongfenfahuixuekezongheyoushijianlixiaoqihezuo,shixiangongkeyushejixuekejiandekuajiejiaorong、huligongying,weidifangfazhanjianshezuochujijigongxian,shichuangxinchuangyejiaoyushizhongguanchuanyujiaoxuezhizhong。yanshandaxueshejixuezhuanyezhuyaofenweigongyesheji、huanjingsheji、shijuechuandashejisangezhuanyefangxiang。“yanshandaxuexingongkemoshi”jiushijiangshejixuezhuanyekecheng、biyeshejiyujixiegongcheng、dianzigongcheng、xinxigongchengdengqiangshixuekejinxingzhuanyehezuo,xiaochukechengbilei,zhengheliliang,xingchengjiyutbddexingongkerencaipeiyangmoshi。tbdrencaipeiyangmoshibaokuotechnology(jishu)、business(shangye)、design(sheji)sangebufen,tongguoshejifaxianwenti、fenxiwenti,gongchengjishujiejuewenti,suihoujiangzheigewentizhuanhuachengchuangxinchuangyemoshi,yicilaituidonglianheyanjiuyukuaxuekerencaipeiyang。

践行产教融合理念,积极搭建创新创业平台。新工科教育强调创新创业教育体系的完善升级,实现创新引领创业,创业带动就业。设计学人才培养践行产教融合教学理念,为学生提供教学实践平台。学校鼓励学生将设计创新思维灵活运用到创新创业的实践中,引导学生大胆思考联想,培养创新意识,尊重学生个性发展,建立个性化的人才培养机制。高校注重产教融合教学方式,并积极为学生搭建创新创业平台,为学生提供广阔的发展空间,培养全面发展的创新型复合人才。
亚博App满足创新型人才社会需求,全面提升学生创新能力。设计学视角下的新工科人才培养,要求积极推进科教融合,与企业建立多维度、多元化的合作模式,深入建立健全新工科人才培养的教育体系,充分发挥创新创业教育理念对人才培养的指导作用,满足现今社会对创新型新工科人才的迫切需求。创新创业教育坚持以学生为中心,要求学生掌握基本创新创业知识和创业能力。同时,创新创业课程的开设有利于学生更全面地进行个人塑造,实现在社交能力、领导能力等方面的提升,有利于学生发现自身优势,对学生职业生涯规划也有着重要的引领作用。在新工科建设背景下,高校应积极进行教学模式的创新,探索富有创意的交叉融合创新创业教育模式,通过专业的结构性改革,为学生提供优质的创业孵化基地,打造更为宽广的实践教育平台。

kaituorencaipeiyangshiye,goujianxueshengjiaoliutigaopingtai。yongyouguojihuashiyeshirencaipeiyangzhongdezhongyaohuanjie,yinci,jianchikaifangdeguojijiaoliuyuanze,jiaqiangyushijieyiliudaxuedehezuoyujiaoliu,shixianxietongchuangxinfazhan,yingzaokaifangshiguojikeyanjiaoliuhuanjing,duizengqiangwoguojiaoyuzixinhewenhuazixinyouzhezhongyaozhanlveyiyi。yanshandaxueweixueshengtigongleduoyanghuadeguojijiaoliujihui,gulixueshengjijicanjiaguojifangxuejiaoliu,dingqikaizhanguojixueshujiaoliu,bingweichuguofangxuexueshengzhidingyouhouzhengce。weijinyibutigaoyanshandaxueguojihuashuiping,2019nianyanshandaxueyuhanguoguoliqingbeidaxuehezuoqianyue,chengli“zhonghangongyeshejijiaoyuyanjiuzhongxin”,jinyibuweizhonghanshuangfanghezuojiaqiangchuangxinshejihexingongkegaosuzhirencaipeiyangchuangzaoleyoulitiaojian,youxiaocujinleshuangfangdexueshujiaoliu。


亚博Appyuanzai2021niandi2qi《zhongguogaodengjiaoyu》zazhi


返回原图
/

AG开户 欧洲杯买球 亚博APP 亚博APP 亚博APP